Scientific caractères

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• Neil Alden Armstrong, born August 5, 1930 in Wapakoneta in Ohio in the United States and died August 25, 2012 in Cincinnati in the same state, is an American astronaut, test pilot, aviator of the United States Navy and teacher. He is the first man to have set foot on the Moon on July 21, 1969 UTC, during the Apollo 11 mission, pronouncing a phrase that has remained famous: “That’s one small step for [a] man, one giant leap for mankind”

• Charles Darwin, born February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury in Shropshire and died April 19, 1882 in Downe, Kent, is an English naturalist and paleontologist whose work on the evolution of living species revolutionized biology with his book L ‘Origin of Species published in 1859.

• Louise Eugénie Alexandrine Marie David, better known under the name of Alexandra David-Néel, born October 24, 1868 in Saint-Mandé, died at almost 101 years old on September 8, 1969 in Digne-les-Bains, is an orientalist, Tibetologist, opera singer and feminist, journalist and anarchist, writer and explorer, Freemason and French Buddhist.

• Leibniz, philosopher but also: metaphysician, ontologist, theologian, psychologist, epistemologist, logician, mathematician, physicist, geologist, biologist, historian, linguist, etymologist, sinologist, genealogist, jurist, political scientist, librarian, chess players, diplomat, etc, etc, etc … was born on July 1, 1646.

• Stephen William Hawking (8 January 1942 – 14 March 2018) was an English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and author who, at the time of his death, was director of research at the Centre for Theoretical Cosmology at the University of Cambridge.

• Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961), was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology. Jung’s work has been influential in the fields of psychiatry, anthropology, archaeology, literature, philosophy, psychology and religious studies.

• Claude Lévi-Strauss, born November 28, 1908 in Brussels and died October 30, 2009 in Paris, is a French anthropologist and ethnologist who exercised a major influence internationally on the human and social sciences in the second half of the Twentieth century.

• Ada Lovelace, by her full name Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace, born December 10, 1815 in London and died November 27, 1852, is a pioneer of computer science.

• Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger (August 12, 1887 in Vienna – January 4, 1961) is an Austrian physicist, philosopher and scientific theorist. It enabled the development of quantum physics. He is also known to have subjected the astonishing, later named Schrödinger’s Cat Experiment, following an important correspondence with Albert Einstein in 1935.

• Albert Schweitzer (Ludwig Philipp Albert Schweitzer), born January 14, 1875 in Kaysersberg (Alsace-Lorraine) and died September 4, 1965 in Lambaréné (Gabon), is a Protestant doctor, pastor and theologian, Alsatian philosopher and musician.

• Marie Skłodowska-Curie, born November 7, 1867 in Warsaw (Poland) and died July 4, 1934 in Passy (Haute-Savoie), is a Polish physicist and chemist, naturalized French. Marie Curie and Pierre Curie – her husband – shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with Henri Becquerel for their research on radiation. In 1911, she won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for her work on polonium and radium. An exceptional scientist, she is the first woman to have received the Nobel Prize, and to date the only woman to have received two. She remains to this day the only person to have been awarded in two distinct scientific fields. She was also the first woman winner in 1903, along with her husband, of the Davy Medal for her work on radium.

• Nikola Tesla, born July 10, 1856 in Smiljan in the Austrian Empire (now Croatia) and died January 7, 1943 in New York, is an American inventor and engineer of Serbian origin. It is notoriously known for its leading role in the development and adoption of alternating current for the transmission and distribution of electricity.

• Alan Turing was born on June 23, 1912. Mathematician and cryptologist he is one of the founders of computer science.